C1 level (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages)
The Common European Framework divides learners of a language into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels:
- A – Basic User
- A1 Breakthrough or beginner
- A2 Waystage or elementary
- B – Independent User
- B1 Threshold or intermediate
- B2 Vantage or upper intermediate
- C – Proficient User
- C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced
- C2 Mastery or proficiency
The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level. For the C1 level, this is:
- Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
- Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
- Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
- Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.