C1 level (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages)

The Common European Framework divides learners of a language into three broad divisions that can be divided into six levels:

  • A – Basic User
    • A1 Breakthrough or beginner
    • A2 Waystage or elementary
  • B – Independent User
    • B1 Threshold or intermediate
    • B2 Vantage or upper intermediate
  • C – Proficient User
    • C1 Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced
    • C2 Mastery or proficiency

The CEFR describes what a learner is supposed to be able to do in reading, listening, speaking and writing at each level. For the C1 level, this is:

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
  • Can express ideas fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.